Chengyu Explanations: 精打细算

精打细算 describes a meticulous plan. The following post describes the meaning of this 成语 in detail.

精打细算.jpg

Characters 精打细算
Pin Yin jīng dǎ xì suàn
Pleco Definition careful calculation and strict budgeting
HSK Level HSK 6

Explanation

This 成语 is made up of two words: 精细 (meaning ‘meticulous’ or ‘careful’) and 打算 (meaning ‘plan’). It usually refers to a plan which is not wasteful with regards to manpower or resources.

精打细算 图片.jpg精打细算 can be used as an adjective to describe a person who plans meticulously (e.g. 一个精打细算的人). In this usage, it particularly refers to someone who is careful with regard to financial matters.

精打细算 may also operate as a verb phrase which does not take a separate object. It may be modified by auxiliary verbs such as 要, 能 and 得.

精打细算 may also act as a countable noun phrase, which can be used in conjunction with the measure word 次 (e.g. 一次精打细算).


Example Sentences

我老婆是个很会精打细算的人,她几乎连一角钱都不乱花。
My wife plans how she spends her money very meticulously. She almost doesn’t waste even a single penny.

大学生需要学会精打细算,要不然父母的负担太重了。
University students must learn how to spend their money carefully, otherwise the burden for their parents will be too heavy.

王经理对明年的部门预算精打细算。
Manager Wang has been planning next year’s departmental budget meticulously.

因为全公司都靠他的预测,财务部长一定要精打细算。
Since the whole company depends on his forecast, the Director of the Financial Department must plan with careful calculation and strict budgeting.

因为我工资低,我本人不得不精打细算。
Since my salary is so low, I have no choice but to budget carefully and limit my spending.

要省钱的话,你最好培养精打细算的习惯。
If you want to save up money, you’d best develop a habit of careful calculation and strict budgeting.


References and Further Reading

1. 汉语成语学习手册 (2010), p. 92.
2. 成语词典 (新世纪版: 2011修订), p. 328.
3. 新HSK词汇突破: 6级 (2013), p.198.

 

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